Serrari Group

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has adjusted Kenya’s GDP growth forecast downwards, citing external pressures as the primary cause. In their April 2024 world economic outlook report, the IMF lowered Kenya’s projected growth rate from 5.5% to 5.0% due to various factors including disruptions in global trade and escalating tensions in key regions.

Impact of External Factors

The report emphasizes the growing influence of external pressures on Kenya’s economy, particularly from emerging economies within the G20. China, a major source of imports for Kenya, plays a significant role in these pressures. The report also highlights disturbances in other G20 economies such as Indonesia, Russia, and Saudi Arabia, which further compound the challenges faced by Kenya.

Global Events and Ripple Effects

Of particular concern are the recent attacks on cargo vessels in the Red Sea by Houthi rebels. These attacks have disrupted trade routes, leading to increased freight rates and delivery delays. Such events have direct implications for countries like Kenya, heavily reliant on imports for essential commodities.

Outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa and the Global Economy

Despite these challenges, the IMF remains cautiously optimistic about the economic prospects for sub-Saharan Africa. The region is projected to see a gradual recovery in GDP growth, rising from an estimated 3.4% in 2023 to 3.8% in 2024 and 4.0% in 2025. Globally, the IMF maintains a steady growth forecast, with the global economy expected to grow at a rate of 3.2% in 2023, continuing at the same pace in 2024 and 2025.

However, the forecast for global headline inflation shows a decline from 6.8% in 2023 to 5.9% in 2024 and 4.5% in 2025, with advanced economies expected to return to their inflation targets sooner than emerging markets.


The IMF’s adjustment to Kenya’s GDP growth forecast underscores the interconnected nature of the global economy and the vulnerability of emerging markets to external pressures. As Kenya faces these challenges, it is essential for policymakers and stakeholders to remain vigilant and implement appropriate measures to safeguard the country’s economic stability and growth prospects.

photo source: Google

By: Montel Kamau

Serrari Financial Analyst

18th April, 2024

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